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Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the. Copper – Copper Sulfate – 16% sulfuric acid, ASTM A – Practice E (Strauss Test) This procedure is conducted to determine the susceptibility of austenitic. ASTM A Practice E test. This practice describes the procedure by which the copper-copper sulfate% sulfuric acid test is conducted to determine .

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The samples are weighed at each interval to determine mass loss and degree of susceptibility to intergranular attack. Please refer to the specification for more details. This practice includes boiling the sample for 24 to hours in the solution above, and measures the materials performance quantitatively. The chart below comes from the ASTM A standard practiice selection of the appropriate test by alloy type:.

The Strauss test is commonly used to evaluate the heat-treatment of as-received material, the effectiveness of alloying additions of elements such as Nb and Ti, or the effectiveness of reducing carbon content to resist intergranular attack.

Practice A, the oxalic acid practtice test is used as a rapid technique to screen samples of certain stainless steel grades to ensure they are not susceptible to intergranular attack sensitization. The level of corrosion is determined by mass loss.

The test evaluates the resistance of extra-low-carbon steels to sensitization and intergranular attack from welding or heat treatment processes. Share on Tumblr Print.

Due to the variance of attack in different materials, numerous methods Practices B-F are used to assess intergranular corrosion. Our knowledgeable scientists have the experience and expertise necessary to determine the pracfice appropriate intergranular attack testing methods for your material while providing actionable results you can rely on.

To a2622 intergranular corrosion testing or aetm attack commonly abbreviated as IGC or IGAit is important to understand what causes the process to occur. For example, many low-carbon and stabilized stainless steels e. View more articles about Aerospace Oil and Gas Transportation. Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. It depends on which Practice is selected, but typically ranges from to days for different tests.

The inch-pound equivalents are in parentheses and may be approximate. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete asttm up to date. This method is preferable for chromium depletions and corrosion in intermetallic phases. If materials with incorrect heat treatment enter service, they are liable to crack or fail by intergranular corrosion IGC much more rapidly than properly treated materials; ASTM A is a screening test to help find batches that are incorrectly processed.

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We provide intergranular corrosion evaluation, salt spray testing, stress corrosion, and various other methods to simulate exposure of your products or materials to corrosive environments. Learn more about our laboratories – where they are located; the ;ractice capabilities they have and how they can help you solve your technical and commercial challenges.

Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

Vickers Hardness 5Kg and 10Kg. All austenitic stainless steels should meet this requirement, if proper annealing took place. In many cases we can reduce that to as little as 24 hours more than the required testing time if you need fast results. The Copper Sulfate Test is especially effective for determining susceptibility to intergranular attack for low carbon steels. The oxalic acid test is commonly used before the Strauss test to determine if a sample is susceptible; samples that pass method A will generally show low corrosion rates in the Strauss test.

Like what you saw? Metals like stainless steels and w contain elements such as niobium and chromium, often integrated because of their natural corrosion resistance. This method is a hour boiling test for “as received” specimens of stainless steel.

What is your typical turnaround time? Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

Intergranular Attack – ASTM A – Colorado-Metallurgical-Services

There is several cause for SCC, Chloride is the leading cause of transgranular cracking or attack. Rockwell or Superficial Hardness. How do you select the right ASTM corrosion testing method for your material? It is typically used for stainless alloys such as andCr-Ni-Mo stainless alloys, and nickel alloys to evaluate the intergranular attack associated with the precipitation of chromium carbides at astmm boundaries.

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A bend test followed by a visual or micro-examination are used to a2622 “Pass” or “Fail” of test specimens.

In SEM analysis, intergranular corrosion is clear by the dark lines where the grain boundaries are eaten away.

Methods for preparing the test specimens, rapid screening tests, apparatus setup and testing procedures, and calculations and report contents are described for each testing practice. These tests are often run as a qualification test to ensure each batch of stainless steel is properly prepared. The ASTM A tests can determine if the proper heat treatment was performed or if the alloys are in danger of intergranular corrosion occurring in use.


Duplicate samples from both sides of a sheet sample are evaluated to determine if carburization results in intergranular attack. Plating and Coating Testing. Intergranular corrosion is the proper use, though the specification calls it attack, corrosion is what is taking practcie. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard Translated Version s: A different ASTM A test method must be used to quantify the level of corrosion or to disqualify a material for use.

The etch structure types used to classify the specimens are: ASTM A testing practide a popular method of praftice due to the variety of practices available and the relatively short turnaround for results. Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen pactice five hour boiling intervals. The bent samples are examined at low magnification, where the appearance a26 cracks or fissures indicate intergranular attack.

See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection. From macroscopic imaging to Scanning Electron Microscopy, Element provides turnkey metallographic services using state-of-the-art equipment. Since high temperature processing such as heat treatment is a common practice, many manufacturers wish to perform intergranular corrosion qualification testing on each batch, to ensure that the material has been processed correctly and does not show signs of corrosion susceptibility.

Practice F, is a hour weight-loss based analysis that provides a quantitative measure of the materials performance, and is commonly used to analyze as-received stainless steels.

The first and fastest step is the ASTM A Practice A, a rapid same-day screening method in Oxalic s to determine the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. Sensitization causes the grain boundaries of a material to precipitate, creating carbide deposits and causing the material to be susceptible to intergranular attack. ASTM A is a common intergranular corrosion testing method that ppractice quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility.